25 Jan 2021

when was the curtain theatre built

Museum of London Archaeology has been responsible for these excavations, which show us something of the reality of Shakespeare’s London and the vitality of its theatres, all built within a few decades of each other. The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditchto shut down their playhouses. It was built around 100 metres south of James Burbage’s Theatre in Shoreditch and was run by Henry Lanman at one point. The Lord Chamberlain’s Men seem to have used the Curtain for performances between the end of the lease on the Theatre in 1597 and the opening of the Globe in 1599. It’s not certain who built the Curtain Theatre but it could have been Henry Lanman, a theatrical entrepreneur, who was the theatre’s manager from 1582 until 1592. In 1585 Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. Otherwise, it would be very unwise of Burbage to pool profits if he did better in the first place. Excavation work for the Curtain Theatre The Stage will have a state-of-the-art gym with one-to-one training, toning, spa treatments, juice bars, chilled towels and luxury changing facilities. Archaeologists in London say they've found the remains of a theatre where Shakespeare's plays were first performed. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. [4]:63[8] The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. The Curtain, built in 1577, was only a few hundred yards from another theatre further along Curtain Road, imaginatively named the Theatre, … [5] Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. History of The Curtain Theatre The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. Burbage's father James had shares in the theatre at the time of his death.[9]:144. The Curtain was one of the 12 huge amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London. This deal is how many believe Lanman was able to afford to open the Curtain, the rest is all very unclear. It stayed open for forty five years, closing in 1622. [23] The team also came across a mount and a token,[24] as well as personal items, including a bone comb. [4]:63 The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. ", "Mysteries unearthed in Shoreditch excavation of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Shakespeare clues found after Shoreditch exacerbation", "Archaeologists reveal initial findings from detailed excavation at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre – HeritageDaily – Heritage & Archaeology News", "Shakespeare Curtain Theatre: Remains reveal toy used for sound effects", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Curtain_Theatre&oldid=994194840, Former buildings and structures in the London Borough of Hackney, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:21. The Curtain Theatre takes its name from Curtain Close, the walled pasture in which the playhouse was built. The remains of the theatre were rediscovered in archaeological excavations in 2012–16. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1624.[1]. Thus, the suggestion is given that both proprietors were doing equal business. University of Roehampton’s Callan Davies said: “We are honoured and incredibly excited to be able to bring performance, discussion, and community engagement to the Curtain. The Curtain Theatre: The citizen's playhouse for high-octane drama MOLA team 30.01.2018 Today we’re able to reveal further fascinating insights into Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre, and how its shape and form led it become a true citizen’s playhouse. Small finds included a ceramic bird whistle; ceramic money boxes for collecting entry fees; beads probably used for decorating stage costumes; and a small statue of Bacchus. The Curtain was built just south of the Theatre in 1577, and was similar in construction. The most significant revelation was that the Curtain was rectangular, not round. [25], In August 2019 the structural remains and below-ground deposits were designated a Scheduled Monument. As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; He died in 1606[7] and it is assumed by Edmund Chambers that the theatre had been re-arranged into a shareholder’s enterprise before his death at some point. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. The reasons for its closure are not known. The Curtain The Curtain was the second London playhouse, built in 1577, next to the Theatre, north of the London Wall. [21] Fragments of ceramic money boxes were found, which would have been used to collect entry fees from theatregoers, before being taken to an office to be smashed and the money counted: this office was known as the "box office", which is the origin of the term we use today. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The excavation revealed a 14-metre (46 ft) stage, and evidence of a tunnel under the stage and galleries at the first floor level. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. From 1597 to 1599 it became the premiere venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made a… History of The Curtain Built by longtime Shakespeare aficionado Richard Garriott (software developer and major public benefactor), the Curtain Theater will host various public performances throughout the year. The Curtain was built some 200 yards (180 m) south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. King's Men member John Underwood did the same in 1624. [10] In 1597, people wrote to the local magistrates' court demanding that no plays take place at the Curtain or the Theatre that year. The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. The Theatre was the first purpose-built early modern playhouse and the original home of the Chamberlain's Men (later the King’s Men after 1603). [27], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°31′23″N 0°4′47″W / 51.52306°N 0.07972°W / 51.52306; -0.07972, For the Glasgow theatre company of the 1930s, see, "Remains of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre discovered in Shoreditch", "Shakespeare's Curtain theatre unearthed in east London", "Curtain lifts on open-air stage at Shakespeare theatre site in Shoreditch", "500-year-old Romeo And Juliet prop found in dig at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Will theatre revelations shed light on Shakespeare's secrets? [12][13] However, a commemorative plaque was erected at 18 Hewett Street. Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditch to shut down their playhouses. Post-excavation analysis of the Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch, which staged some of Shakespeare’s plays (see CA 316), has revealed new clues to how the Elizabethan playhouse was used. Shakespeare himself trod its boards and we know Romeo and Juliet was performed there. Built in 1577, The Curtain was the second playhouse in Shoreditch, following the Theatre built the year before 200 yards to the north. The Curtain was the second such public playhouse (after The Theatre) to be built in the London environs. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Hewett Street, Shoreditch (within the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. In 1603 the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). There is no record of it after 1627. Words in the News: Shakespeare’s ‘The Curtain’ uncovered: 8 June 2012 [9]:37 The Curtain was named in John Stow's Survey of London in 1598, but was not listed in the 1603 edition. In 1574, the City of London began to … Curtain Theatre, playhouse opened in 1577 in Curtain Close, Finsbury Fields, Shoreditch. [18] The theatre had timber galleries with mid and upper areas for wealthier audience members, and a courtyard made from compacted gravel for those with less to spend. [26], A reconstruction of the Curtain Theatre features in the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love. The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. [4]:62[14], In 2012, archaeologists from MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) announced that they had discovered the remains of the theatre during trial excavations. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. First off, you’d know that the Curtain playhouse had been open for a matter of years by 1579; the first references appear in 1577, so it was likely built some time around or shortly before this date (theatre history narratives tend toby Archaeologists excavating The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch When the Chorus addresses the audience from the stage at the opening of Shakespeare’s Henry V, he refers to ‘this wooden O’ – a phrase that is commonly understood as an image of an Elizabethan theatre such as The Globe, which was octahedral. ¶ Theatre Architecture Built by Henry Laneman (also known as Henry Lanman) in 1577, the Curtain arose a mere 200 yards from its neighbour, the Theatre, built the year before by James Burbage (Gurr 31; Bowsher, Shakespeare’s London Theatreland 55, 62). The Curtain was built around 1577, predating the famous Globe Theatre and distinguishing itself as Elizabethan England’s longest-serving commercial playhouse. [3], Also uncovered was a fragmentary ceramic bird whistle, dating from the late 16th century. Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. The building was dismantled in 1598, and Burbage’s sons, Cuthbert and Richard, used its timbers to construct the first Globe Theatre. This raised the question of whether the bird whistle was merely a Tudor toy or a prop for plays that needed sound effects. Elizabethan theatres had small curtained enclosures at the back of their stages; but the large front-curtained Proscenium stage did not appear in England till after the Restoration.) Built in 1577, the Curtain Theatre played host to Shakespeare's earliest plays including the first performances of Henry V and early performances of Romeo and Juliet. Thereby, he assumes that Lanman’s business, the Curtain, must have been doing as well as Burbage’s business, the Theatre, since both, Lanman and Burbage, had agreed on a pooling arrangement for seven years in 1585, to pool profits. History of The Curtain The Curtain sat just 200 yards south or south east of the capital’s first playhouse, the Theatre which opened in 1576. [3] Walls survived up to 1.5 metres (5 ft) high in places; MOLA identified the courtyard, where theatregoers stood, and the inner walls, which held the galleries. The stage is set at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre MOLA team 10.11.2016 As the detailed 3 month excavation of Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre comes to a close and development of The Stage gets underway, our recent discoveries are poised to completely transform our understanding of the evolution of Elizabethan theatres. Both this … The Curtain was believed to have been built near The Theatre, but the exact location was for many years unknown. Very close geographically, they were perhaps even closer in design. [4]:64 In 1607, The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. Its proprietor seems to have been one Henry Lanman, who is described as a "gentleman." Now, Londoners will have the chance to learn about Shoreditch’s Shakespearean theatrical history … . Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; yet at some point the theatre was re-organized into a shareholders' enterprise. [2][3] (The name bears no relationship to the front curtain associated with modern theatres.) The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch was Britain’s second playhouse and home to William Shakespeare’s company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men before they moved onto the renowned Globe on South Bank. The Curtain Theatre was built in 1577 in Shoreditch, and was London's second playhouse. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. A modern plaque marks its site today, in Hewett Street off Curtain Road. History of The Curtain Theatre Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. The Curtain was one of the 12 massive amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London In 1574 the City of London started regulating the Inn-yard activities. The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. [15][16] In 2013 plans were submitted to develop the site with a 40-storey tower of 400 apartments, plus a Shakespeare museum, 250-seat outdoor auditorium and park, with the archaeological remains visible in a glass enclosure. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. ", "Did Shakespeare write Henry V to suit London theatre's odd shape? Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. [11] In 1600, the Privy Council tried unsuccessfully to shut down the Curtain theatre,[4] and in 1603, the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). (It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not because it had the sort of front curtain associated with modern theatres. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not [19] The galleries were straight. Please consider making a small donation to help keep this site free. The Curtain Theatre was built about a year after The Theatre in 1577. [20] In November 2016, a tunnel structure – accessed by doors on either end of the stage – was unearthed, which would have allowed actors to exit from one side and come on again from the other without being seen by the audience. From 1597 to 1599, it became the premier venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. , it would be very unwise of Burbage to pool profits if he did better in the London.. 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